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Cartier Calibre de Cartier Diver WGCA0009 New Rose gold 42mm Automatic
TOP
Cartier WGCA0009 CALIBRE DE CARTIER DIVER BLUE WATCH
฿701,904
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Hamilton Khaki Navy Pioneer H78465553 New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Hamilton H78465553 Khaki Navy Pioneer
฿23,253
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Panerai Special Editions PAM 00671 New Bronze 47mm Automatic
TOP
Panerai PAM00671 LUMINOR
฿830,530
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Montblanc Tradition 114336 New Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Montblanc 114336 Tradition
฿65,869
Verified Dealer
19
HK
Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster 81209 New White gold 34mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Pearlmaster 34, new, closing sale - off. price: 33.200 CHF
฿647,045
Verified Dealer
39
CH
Rolex Daytona 116515ln New Rose gold 40mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Rolex Daytona Rose Gold Oysterflex Chocolate Dial 116515LN
฿1,177,488
Verified Dealer
TH
Seiko Prospex SRPB11K1 Good Steel Automatic Thailand, Pakkred
Seiko Prospex SRPB11K1 Turtle Blue Lagoon Limited edition
฿15,000
Private Seller
TH
Rolex Bubble Back 6085 Bubbleback WAFFLE Very good Yellow gold 34mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex OYSTER PERPETUAL CHRONOMETER 18K GOLD HONEYCOMB WABENBLATT
฿274,616
Verified Dealer
471
DE
Panerai Luminor Chrono PAM 250 Good Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Panerai Luminor Chrono Daylight PAM 250 Watch with Rubber...
฿175,032
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
553
US
Ball Engineer Hydrocarbon DM2118B-SCJ-BK New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Ball Engineer Hydrocarbon Original 40mm Automatic
฿103,110
Verified Dealer
44
NL
Cartier Pasha W3101255 Good Gold/Steel 38mm Automatic
Cartier Pasha
฿69,690
Verified Dealer
86
JP
Rolex Daytona 116520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Daytona“Patrizzi” Zenith
฿1,097,466
Verified Dealer
194
UK
IWC 536 Unworn Yellow gold 34mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Vintage Hexagonal with Diamonds on Onyx Dial, Full Set, NOS
฿291,243
Verified Dealer
22
CH
Breitling Bentley GT M1336267/A729 New Steel 45mm Automatic
TOP
Breitling Bentley Midnight Diam., lim., new, sell-off, o.p.:...
฿323,571
Verified Dealer
39
CH
Rolex Submariner Date 116610LN Very good Steel 40mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Rolex Submariner Date
฿350,064
Verified Dealer
TH
Seiko Grand Seiko 9R65-OCJO Very good Titanium 40 m.m.mm Automatic Thailand, Hua Hin
Seiko GRAND SEIKO SPRING DRIVE TITANIUM
฿109,812
Private Seller
TH
Montblanc Nicolas Rieussec 102337 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Montblanc Nicolas Rieussec Chronograph GMT 102337
฿146,072
Verified Dealer
734
NL
Hublot Big Bang 44 mm 301.PB.131.RX Very good Rose gold 44mm Automatic
TOP
Hublot Big Bang 301.PB.131.RX Watch with Rubber Bracelet and...
฿425,360
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
553
US
Ball Engineer Hydrocarbon Nedu DC3026A-S6C-BE New Titanium 42mm Automatic
TOP
Ball Engineer Hydrocarbon NEDU Chronograph 42mm
฿144,354
Verified Dealer
44
NL
Rolex Explorer II 216570 New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Explorer II - Limited Edition /35
฿407,112
Verified Dealer
42
IT
Richard Mille RM 67 RM 67-01 Unworn Rose gold 39mm Automatic
TOP
Richard Mille RM 067 RM67-01 Extra Flat 18k Rose Gold Black...
฿4,212,702
Verified Dealer
375
US
IWC Yacht Club 1811 Good White gold 36mm Automatic
TOP
IWC White Gold Blue Dial Yacht Club I
฿169,892
Verified Dealer
22
CH
Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster 80319 New White gold 29mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Lady-Datejust Pearlmaster 29, new, sell-off, o.p.: 32600...
฿679,405
Verified Dealer
39
CH
Rolex Yacht-Master 169622 Very good Steel 29mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Rolex Yacht-Master
฿151,164
Verified Dealer
TH
Seiko Monster 7s26 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic Thailand, patumwan
Seiko Monster Generation 1(1st gen) 7s26
฿9,000
Private Seller
TH
Vacheron Constantin Quai de l'Ile 85050/000R-I022I Very good Rose gold 41mm Automatic
TOP
Vacheron Constantin Quai De L’lle 85050 Day-Date Power Reserve...
฿1,029,379
Verified Dealer
202
IT
Hublot Classic Fusion 45, 42, 38, 33 mm 542.NX.1171.RX Very good Titanium 42mm Automatic
TOP
Hublot Classic Fusion 542.NX.1171.RX Watch with Rubber...
฿129,524
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
553
US
Tissot Seastar 1000 T120.407.17.041.00 New Steel 43mm Automatic
TOP
Tissot Seastar 1000 Automático Powermatic 80
฿17,701
Verified Dealer
146
ES
Rolex Milgauss 116400 New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex Milgauss - Matrix MK1 - Limited Edition /10
฿385,871
Verified Dealer
42
IT
Glashütte Original Sixties Panorama Date 2-39-47-09-02-04 or 39-47-09-02-04 New Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Glashütte Original Vintage Collection Sixties Panorama Date
฿215,156
Verified Dealer
811
UK
IWC 3279 Unworn Steel 32mm Automatic
TOP
IWC Tonneau Shaped Automat, Steel, NOS, Full Set
฿97,081
Verified Dealer
22
CH
Corum Admiral's Cup Legend 38 132.101.29/V200 PN09 New Gold/Steel 38mm Automatic
TOP
Corum AC Chronograph 38, new, closing sale - off. pr.: 16.200 CHF
฿226,490
Verified Dealer
39
CH
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5711/1A-010 New Steel 40mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Patek Philippe Nautilus
฿2,377,253
Verified Dealer
TH
Seiko Credor 4282 Good 38mm Automatic Thailand, Hua Hin
Seiko CREDOR 8L75-Phoenix GCBR995
฿68,568
Private Seller
TH
Hamilton Khaki Pilot H64715535 New Steel 46mm Automatic
TOP
Hamilton Khaki Pilot
฿22,340
Verified Dealer
39
GR
Blancpain Fifty Fathoms 5015-1130-52 Very good Steel 45mm Automatic
TOP
Blancpain Fifty Fathoms 5015-1130-52 Watch with Canvas...
฿307,102
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
553
US
Panerai Luminor GMT Automatic OP6594 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Panerai Luminor GMT Time Zone Automatic 24H Dial Limited OP 6594
฿146,072
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
583
NL
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding 15400 New Steel 41mm Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak - Black dlc - Limited Edition /10
฿1,093,892
Verified Dealer
42
IT
Glashütte Original Sixties 1-39-52-13-02-04 or 39-52-13-02-04 New Steel 39mm Automatic
TOP
Glashütte Original Sixties 39 mm
฿174,256
Verified Dealer
811
UK
Zenith El Primero 65.0520.4026 Very good White gold 44mm Automatic
TOP
Zenith Grande Class Grande Date Rattrapante, Split Second,...
฿420,684
Verified Dealer
22
CH
Chaumet Liens W23871-02A New Rose gold 33mm Automatic
TOP
Chaumet Liens 33, new, closing sale - official price: 18.700 CHF
฿226,490
Verified Dealer
39
CH
Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean 232.30.38.20.01.001 Very good Steel Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Omega Seamaster Planet Ocean Automatic Co-Axial 8520
฿107,247
Verified Dealer
TH
Seiko SRPC13K1 (UFO) Unworn Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Seiko SRPC13K (UFO)
฿13,500
Private Seller
TH
Glashütte Original 1-36-13-01-80-70 New Steel 43,2mm Automatic
TOP
Glashütte Original SeaQ Panoramadatum
฿316,203
Verified Dealer
1711
DE
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Control Q145889 Very good Steel 37mm Automatic
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Control Q145889 Watch with Leather...
฿124,114
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
553
US
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 26022BA.OO.D088CR.01 Very good Yellow gold 39mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph Yellow Gold
฿731,952
Private Seller
TH
Rolex GMT-Master II 116710 New Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II - Limited Edition /10
฿633,678
Verified Dealer
42
IT
Tissot Le Locle T0064073605300 Unworn Gold/Steel 39.3mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Tissot T0064073605300
฿98,654
Private Seller
TH
Omega De Ville 1002 movement Very good Gold/Steel 33.5mm Automatic Thailand, Chonburi
Omega Meister De Ville
฿28,482
Private Seller
TH
Seiko SARB049 Unworn Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Seiko SARB049 (LAND MONSTER)
฿14,500
Private Seller
TH
Omega Seamaster 166.027 Good Steel 37mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Omega Seamaster
฿82,488
Private Seller
TH
Orient FEM5C00NWZ Unworn Steel 36mm Automatic Thailand, Samutprakan
Orient Automatic FEM5C00NWZ Men's Watch
฿7,001
Private Seller
TH
Unworn 44mm Automatic Thailand, Suratthani
Parnis 200 m Diver Automatic
฿3,819
Private Seller
 
TH
Seiko SPB109J1 Unworn Steel 45mm Automatic Thailand, pathumtani
TOP
Seiko SPB109J1 Zimbe 12
฿50,000
Private Seller
TH
Breguet Classique Complications 5317BR/12/9V6 New Rose gold 39mm Automatic
TOP
Breguet Classique Tourbillon, new, sell-off, off. price:...
฿2,423,790
Verified Dealer
39
CH
Unworn 43mm Automatic Thailand, Suratthani
Pagani Design Skeleton Automatic
฿3,119
Private Seller
 
TH
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5711/1R-001 Very good Rose gold 40mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Patek Philippe Nautilus
฿3,215,242
Verified Dealer
TH
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar 5396G-014 Very good White gold 38.5mm Automatic Thailand, BANGKOK
TOP
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar
฿1,113,840
Private Seller
TH
Vacheron Constantin Overseas 47040/000W-9500 Very good Steel 42mm Automatic
TOP
Vacheron Constantin Overseas 47040/000W-9500 Watch with Rubber...
฿334,152
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
553
US
Ebel Lichine 8964970 Very good Yellow gold 33mm Automatic
TOP
Ebel Green Ladies Lichine
฿80,901
Verified Dealer
22
CH
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712G-001 Very good White gold 40mm Automatic Thailand, Bangkok
Patek Philippe Nautilus
฿2,100,000
Private Seller
TH
Breitling 634360 Very good Steel 44mm Automatic
TOP
Breitling Edition Special Limited A25 Exemplaires - G34360
฿3,436,992
Free shipping
Verified Dealer
583
NL
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5712G-001 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic
TOP
Patek Philippe 5712G-001 Nautilus Date Moon Phases Self-Windin...
฿1,779,819
Verified Dealer
143
CH
Breguet GJ24BB8548DDC3 New White gold Automatic
TOP
Breguet Secret de la Reine, new, sell-off, official price:...
฿1,550,060
Verified Dealer
39
CH
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.


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